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Tongue Disorders

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Summary

Your tongue helps you taste, swallow, and chew. You also use it to speak. Your tongue is made up of many muscles. The upper surface contains your taste buds.

Problems with the tongue include

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Changes in color or texture
  • Abnormal movement or difficulty moving the tongue
  • Taste problems

These problems can have many different causes. Treatment depends on the underlying problem.

Start Here

  • (Merck & Co., Inc.)

Related Issues

  • (Academy of General Dentistry)

Specifics

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • (American Academy of Oral Medicine) Also in
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in

Images

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research)
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Striking laughter

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health Also in

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Patient Handouts