URL of this page: https://jk4u.info/hivaids.html

HIV/AIDS

Also called: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS, HIV, Human immunodeficiency virus

Summary

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV. Not everyone with HIV develops AIDS.

HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person. It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth.

The first signs of HIV infection may be swollen glands and flu-like symptoms. These may come and go within two to four weeks. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later.

A blood test can tell if you have HIV infection. Your health care provider can do the test, or you can use a home testing kit. Or to find free testing sites, call the national referral hotline at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636 in English and en español; 1-888-232-6348 - TTY).

There is no cure, but there are many medicines that fight HIV infection and lower the risk of infecting others. People who get early treatment can live with the disease for a long time.

Strategies to reduce the risk of HIV infection include not having sex, limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex. People who are at high risk may take HIV prevention medicines.

Start Here

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) Also in
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (AIDS.gov)

Symptoms

  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • (AIDS.gov)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • Easy-to-Read (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion)
  • HIV Screening Test From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • HIV Viral Load From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • (Food and Drug Administration)
  • (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) - PDF
  • (Food and Drug Administration)

Prevention and Risk Factors

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in

Treatments and Therapies

Living With

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Related Issues

  • (New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center) Also in
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in
  • (Pulmonary Hypertension Association) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism)
  • (Healthy Roads Media) - PDF
  • (Immunization Action Coalition) - PDF

Images

  • (Logical Images)

Videos and Tutorials

  • From the National Institutes of Health Video (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Also in
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • Video
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)
  • Video (Healthy Roads Media)

Statistics and Research

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Aging)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health Infographic (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
  • (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation)
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • (World Health Organization)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in

Striking laughter

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (AIDSinfo) Also in

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health (Department of Health and Human Services) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • Also in
  • (AIDS.gov)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation)

Teenagers

  • From the National Institutes of Health Video (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Also in
  • (Nemours Foundation)
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Men

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Women

Seniors

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Aging) Also in

Patient Handouts